An introduction to spanish conquistadors

The Orient became a magnet to traders, and exotic products and wealth flowed into Europe. Firstly, the technology the conquistadors used was superior to the technology of the natives.

Exploration of North America

They were unmerciful and unforgiving. The known means of measuring longitude were so inexact that the line of demarcation could not in practice be determined, [10] subjecting the treaty to diverse interpretations.

With the decline of the political power and wealth of the Catholic church, a few rulers gradually solidified their power. They accomplished these great feats by many means. They would become infamous and wealthy and it all occurred because of the rise of the Ottoman Empire.

The Europeans would often use a tactic called divide and rule which systematically separated large enemies into smaller factions. Religious Motivations The impulse for exploration was further fueled by the European imagination. But the colonists of the Dutch West India Company in Brazil were in a constant state of siege, in spite of the presence in Recife of John Maurice of Nassau as governor.

The destruction of the last civilisations to have risen independently on the face of the earth, without contact with the world outside them. Indeed it seems to overshadow all the deeds of famous people of the past, no matter how heroic, and to silence all talk of other wonders of the world.

The Story of the Conquistadors

European power in the region was weak and Ternate became an expanding, fiercely Islamic and anti-European state under the rule of Sultan Baab Ullah r. During the same years in which Cortes overthrew the Aztecs, Magellan circumnavigated the globe.

The diseases ran through the natives and killed many. As time passed, the Portuguese created the Viceroyalty of Brazil. Then there are the extraordinary explorations across the Andes, deep into Venezuela and Colombia in the s, journeys which gave birth to the alluring legend of El Dorado.

The first English ship to visit Unguja, the Edward Bonaventure infound that there was no Portuguese fort or garrison. An uneducated young recruit could become a military leader, elected by their fellow professional soldiers, perhaps based on merit.

In the 16th century perhapsEuropeans entered American ports. Many were dreadful and appalling - as were their consequences. Moreover, this is a story of the reshaping of mental landscapes. Parry, The Spanish Seaborne Empire ; 2nd ed.

Motives The motives of the conquistadors were diverse, but mainly concentrated on 3 reasons The first and primary reason was wealth and power. Early Christian Europeans had inherited from the Jews a powerful prophetic tradition that drew upon apocalyptic biblical texts in the books of Daniel, Isaiah, and Revelations.

Spanish colonization of the Americas

However, there is no doubt that they were men of their time. And to think that God should have permitted something so great to remain hidden from the world for so long in history, unknown to men, and then let it be found, discovered and won all in our own time!

Gasca convinced Pedro de Valdiviaexplorer of Chile, Alonso de Alvarado another searcher for El Dorado, and others that if he were unsuccessful, a royal fleet of 40 ships and 15, men was preparing to sail from Seville in June.

Faced with the options of either accessing other European markets by sea, by exploiting its seafaring prowess, or by land, and facing the task of crossing Castile and Aragon territory, it is not surprising that goods were sent via the sea to England, FlandersItaly and the Hanseatic league towns.

Exploration of North America

In Mexico declared independence, with the Mexican War of Independence following for over a decade. With so much wealth flowing out of Caribbean each of the European powers tried to establish a colony there.

Eric Foner and John A. Whose deeds can be compared with those of Spain?

Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire

On the other hand, tens of millions died in the pandemics of the 16th century, victims of smallpox, measles and the other diseases brought by Europeans and don't forget that the African slave trade was begun by the Europeans, to replace the work force they had decimated.

The Aztecs may have been unsure, at the beginning, whether the bearded strangers with their guns and horses were people like them, or agents of a higher power. The effects on the economies of the world were no less marked as it shifted the centre of gravity of civilisation to the countries of the Atlantic seaboard and their offshoots in the New World.

Their armor was made of steel and iron which made it difficult for the natives to pierce.The conquistadors were elite South European soldiers who underwent extensive training in navigation, exploration, imperialism, and warfare.

The word conquistador actually refers to the Spanish. With startling speed, Spanish conquistadors invaded hundreds of Native American kingdoms, took over the mighty empires of the Aztecs and Incas, and initiated an unprecedented redistribution of the world's resources and balance of power/5.

Vasco Nuñez de Balboa () was a Spanish conquistador and explorer of the early colonial era. He is credited with leading the first European expedition to discover the Pacific Ocean (which he referred to as the "South Sea").

Alano Español, or Spanish bulldog, carried by the Spanish conquistadors on their expeditions. The most famous of these dogs of war, called Becerrillo, belonged to Ponce de Leon and was the first European dog known to reach North America.

Aug 21,  · Watch video · More Spanish expeditions followed. Juan Ponce de León explored the coasts of Florida in Vasco Núñez de Balboa crossed the Isthmus of Panama and discovered the Pacific Ocean in the same year.


The Spanish Conquistadors, English, Dutch and French all had colonies and were often at war with each other. Eventually Great Britain would gain an advantage with the defeat of the Spanish Armada and begin to slowly take control of the New World.

An introduction to spanish conquistadors
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